Male factor contributes around 50% to the infertility cases though unfortunately in Indian scenario it is uncommon for males to accept it. A proper evaluation of male partner is necessary in all couples facing infertility. It begins with the simple physical examination followed by the semen analysis and hormonal analysis. Depending upon the examination and reports a diagnosis can be made of obstructive or non-obstructive azoospermia.
A type of sexual dysfunction in which an erection of the penis cannot be maintained or achieved during sexual activity is known as erectile dysfunction (ED).
Causes of Erectile Dysfunction
Erectile dysfunction occurs due to obesity and metabolic syndrome. Blood pressure, body composition, and cholesterol can be altered by obesity and metabolic dysfunction that may lead to erectile dysfunction. Erectile dysfunction can also occur due to Parkinson’s disease, alcoholism, Peyronie’s disease, multiple sclerosis disease, sleep disorders, and drug abuse.
A man’s inability during sexual intercourse to get a firm erection is the main symptom of erectile dysfunction. The early symptoms of erectile dysfunction are trouble keeping an erection, trouble getting an erection, and decreased sexual desire.
Preventing Erectile Dysfunction
Certain factors increase the chances of erectile dysfunction. Avoiding these factors and maintaining good overall health can help in preventing erectile dysfunction. Following are some of the common recommendations:
The first evaluation for erectile dysfunction should be any underlying psychological and physical conditions of the patient. If treatment for an underlying condition is not helpful for the patient, then medication and assistive devices like pumps can be used. Dr. Niren Rao is an erectile dysfunction specialist in Delhi.
The common treatments for erectile dysfunction include:
Oral medications or injectables can be suggested, which help in stimulating the body’s natural erectile mechanism. These may not be equally effective for all.
2. Hormone Replacement Therapy:
Hypogonadism is a condition that develops over time and can be defined as a diminished production of sex hormones. Certain medications and medical conditions can lead to this condition. Topical gels and injections can be used to improve the count of male sex hormones.
3. Lifestyle Modifications:
As mentioned earlier, lifestyle habits such as smoking and drinking alcohol are some of the most common reasons for erectile dysfunction. Similarly, chronic stress or depression can also cause
this problem. Living an active and healthy lifestyle can help in reversing this condition in many cases.
4. Surgical Treatment:
A penile prosthesis is an effective solution for erectile dysfunction if medical therapy fails to show results. The majority of patients get satisfactory results with this treatment.